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Picture this. Personnel from a plant are driving along a road in an automobile. The maintenance manager is driving blindfolded. Sitting beside the maintenance manager is the plant manager who is peering in the rear-view mirror. In the back seat, the production manager is urging the maintenance manager to proceed at top speed while simultaneously warning him about a flat tire.
This situation is obviously out of control.
In a plant setting, it is equally out of control. Plant management frequently focuses on past data analysis rather than future improvements. Maintenance is often “blindfolded” due to tight short-term cost-control measures instead of long-term results. Meanwhile, the operations group is becoming desperate and, therefore, dictates what maintenance should do.
The behavior described has many names: the circle of despair, unplanned maintenance or reactive maintenance. Whatever name you prefer, you must understand the point from a maintenance perspective. Maintenance work needs management through good maintenance planning and scheduling. How does one start such an improvement? From the thousands of possible ways to start, this article will discuss a starting point: “Maintenance and Operations 101.”
One key element of an operations and maintenance partnership is well-organized daily or weekly planning and scheduling meetings. Although you may already have these meetings, are they as productive as they could be? The purpose of such meetings is finalizing a schedule and possibly finalizing minor planning. The meeting objectives or agenda are the follows:
The meeting should be attended by the area or department operations representatives, maintenance supervisors and planners. The operations liaison must have sufficient clout to set a schedule without overriding by others after the meeting. Maintenance should represent both mechanical and E/I maintenance.
The meeting should occur at mid-day and last no longer than 20 minutes. Keeping the meeting to this limit with effective results requires the following:
Tracking the performance of these meetings is critical. Upper management must drive, not simply support, the planning and scheduling meetings. A simple scorecard (available at the IDCON web site) will help. The scorecard tracks the following:
In addition to the meeting indicators, the group should track the classic planning and scheduling indicators such as scheduling compliance, planning compliance, machine compliance, etc.
A major process plant in the
Torbjörn (Tor) Idhammar is partner and vice president of reliability and
maintenance management consultants for IDCON Inc. His primary responsibilities
include training and implementation support for preventive maintenance/essential
care and condition monitoring, planning and scheduling, spare parts management,
and root cause problem elimination. He is the author of “Condition Monitoring
Standards” (volumes 1 through 3). He earned a BS in industrial engineering from
North Carolina State University and an MS in mechanical engineering from Lund
University (Sweden). Contact Tor at 800-849-2041 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.